Gender Income Equity


In 2019, women’s average earnings fell 4% further behind men’s earnings, to 80%.

Unfavorable movement since the last available data

Benchmark: Maine’s median annual earnings for women will improve to 100% of men’s median annual earnings by 2030.

Overview Fig. A


This measure compares the annual wages of men and women working full-time, year-round. In 2019, the median earnings of Maine females was $40,906 – 80% of the $51,143 median earnings of Maine males. In other words, for every $5 earned by Maine men, Maine women earned $4, even though they were all working full-time. Some of the difference is due to the differing wages in occupations disproportionately filled by women, but this does not explain the entire wage gap. In recent years, women’s earnings as a percentage of men’s in Maine was improving, from 79% in 2014-2015 to 82-84% in 2016-2018, but in 2019 it dipped. The same happened elsewhere in New England, although the U.S. gender wage gap continued to shrink.

In 2019, Maine’s gender income gap was 23rd lowest of the 50 states. No U.S. state has eliminated the gender pay gap yet, but in six states, women’s earning are 85% or more of men’s earnings. Vermont has the lowest gender wage gap. There, women earned 91% as much as men in 2019.

Fig. A

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Women's Earnings as Percentage of Men's

U.S. Census Bureau